Janata Dal (Secular)
The Janata Dal (Secular) is a left of centre Indian political party led by former Prime Minister of India H.D. Deve Gowda. It was formed in July 1999 by the split of Janata Dal party.. It has political presence mainly in Karnataka. In Kerala, a breakaway faction Janata Dal (Left) is a part of the LDF government.
|Janata Dal (Secular)|
|Leader||H.D. Deve Gowda|
|Founded||April 06, 1994|
|Political ideology||Social Democratic|
|See also the politics of India series|
The JD(S) traces its roots back to the Janata Party organized by Jayprakash Narayan that united all anti-Indira Gandhi parties under one banner for the 1977 national elections.The Janata Party split twice, first in 1979 and then in 1980 leading to the birth of the Bharatiya Janata Party which comprised members of the erstwhile Jan Sangh which was close to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Janata Dal was formed in Bangalore by the merger of the Janata Party with smaller opposition parties in 1988.In May 1996, H.D. Deve Gowda, now leader of Janata Dal (Secular), became Prime Minister of India as part of a coailition (called United Front) government. Janata Dal split in 1999 when some leaders left to ally with the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance and form the Janata Dal (United) party. That party was led by George Fernandes while Deve Gowda emerged as the leader of the Janata Dal (Secular). Even though the premise for the split was its opposition to allying with the National Democratic Alliance, Deve Gowda stayed equally away from the Congress from the outset.  Gowda wanted the party to remain equidistant from both the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Congress. In spite of its difference with the Janata Dal(United) on the issue of support to National Democratic Alliance, the two parties were united in their anti-Congress stance.  Gowda wanted the parties to merge in future but the Janata Dal(United) was not keen to ally with Gowda. H.D. Deve Gowda is still the leader of the party and is a member of Lok Sabha for the Hassan district in Karnataka. His party is the third-largest in the Karnataka state legislature and for a time governed in a coalition with the Congress party (INC), the first coalition government in Karnataka. There was much controversy over the JD(S) allying with the INC in Bangalore as the INC formerly had an outright majority and was diminished to second place with the BJP having a plurality. The BJP saw the rise in seats for both BJP and JD(S) as being a sign that the voters did not want an INC state government and were very upset when the kingmaker JD(S) party decided to ally with the INC to gain a majority. However, the JD(S) considered INC to be the lesser of the two evils on account of its erstwhile secular and centre-left credentials.
- No public vision statement as yet
- No public mission as yet
- No public goals as yet
15th Lok Sabha MP's of the Janata Dal (Secular)[edit source]
Members of Parliament belonging to Janata Dal (Secular) in the 15th Lok Sabha
|H. D. Devegowda||76||M||Janata Dal (Secular)||Hassan (KA) Lok Sabha Constituency|
|N Cheluvaraya Swamy @ Swamygowda||49||M||Janata Dal (Secular)||Mandya (KA) Lok Sabha Constituency|