Common military ranks
Navies Armies Air forces
Admiral of
the Fleet
Field Marshal Marshal of
the Air Force
Admiral General Air Marshal
Commodore Brigadier Air Commodore
Captain Colonel Group Captain
Commander Lt. Colonel Wing Commander
Lt. Commander Major Squadron Leader
Lieutenant Captain Flight Lieutenant
Sub-Lieutenant Lieutenant Flying Officer
Ensign 2nd Lieutenant Pilot Officer
Midshipman Officer cadet / Officer candidate
Seamen, soldiers and airmen
Warrant Officer Sergeant Major Warrant Officer
Petty Officer Sergeant Sergeant
Leading Rate Corporal Corporal
Seaman Private Aircraftman

Generalissimo or Generalissimus is a military rank of the highest degree, superior to a Field Marshal or Grand Admiral.

Usage[edit | edit source]

File:Chiang Kai-shek.jpg

Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of Republic of China.

The word "generalísimo" comes from the Spanish general, plus the suffix -ísimo, meaning "utmost, to the highest grade", although in English is commonly used as Generalissimo, the word with the same meaning from the Italian, with the same structure as in Spanish, general plus -issimo.

The rank was historically given to a military officer leading an entire army or the entire armed forces, only subordinated to the Sovereign. "Generalissimo" is sometimes used in modern English language to refer to a military officer who has obtained political power by a military coup, or in some cases one who has suspended pre-existing constitutional mechanisms in order to retain power by means of a military hierarchy[citation needed].

Notable historical generalissimos[edit | edit source]

Republic of China[edit | edit source]

Chile[edit | edit source]

  • Augusto Pinochet (1973–1990) was (and to some degree still is) known by some, especially ardent supporters, as El Generalissimo.

Cuba[edit | edit source]

North Korea[edit | edit source]

Dominican Republic[edit | edit source]

France[edit | edit source]

File:Sketch of miranda.jpg

Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda

The Holy Roman Empire / Austrian Empire[edit | edit source]

Mexico[edit | edit source]

Poland[edit | edit source]

Portugal[edit | edit source]

From 1834 to 1910, the Kings of Portugal were considered "Generalissimo", in their constitutional role of Supreme Commanders of the Portuguese Army.

Russia and the Soviet Union[edit | edit source]

There were four holders of the Russian rank or title "generalissimus" prior to the 20th century. Menshikov both commanded military forces and ruled absolutely; Aleksei Shein and Aleksandr Suvorov, were principally field commanders rather than political figures. Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1714–1776), was appointed generalissimus by his wife Anna Leopoldovna but neither commanded nor ruled.

Spain[edit | edit source]


Francisco Franco

For a time Baldomero Espartero and the Prince of the Peace, Manuel Godoy, were called generalissimo.

Sweden[edit | edit source]

Venezuela[edit | edit source]

Venice[edit | edit source]

Other Italians[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

bg:Генералисимус de:Generalissimus es:Generalísimo fr:Généralissime hr:Generalissimus it:Generalissimo (grado) he:גנרליסימו ka:გენერალისიმუსი lt:Generalisimas mk:Генералисимус ms:Generalisimo nl:Generalissimo ja:大元帥 pl:Generalissimus pt:Generalíssimo ro:Generalisim ru:Генералиссимус fi:Generalissimo sv:Generalissimus th:จอมทัพ uk:Генералісимус vi:Đại Thống chế zh:大元帅

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.